AM1310 THE LIGHT’S AMOS BROWN IS INDY’S LEADING DEMOGRAPHER. HE’S WORKED WITH THE CENSUS BUREAU ON EVERY CENSUS SINCE 1980. HERE’S HIS EXCLUSIVE ANALYSIS OF THE 2013 CENSUS POPULATION ESTIMATES. A third of the way into the second decade of the 21st Century, African-Americans continue to power the population growth of Indianapolis/Marion County; while the Indianapolis Metropolitan Area fuels virtually Indiana’s entire growth during this new decade. Meanwhile, the Indianapolis metro’s white non-Hispanic population continued to outpace the state as a whole, while Indianapolis/Marion County continues to show very small increases in its white population; bur far, far less than city officials hoped.
At the same time, Hispanic population in the city and metro continues to growth, but at a slower pace than the past two decades; while Indy’s small Asian population exhibited the strongest percentage growth of any minority group.
Those are a few of the major conclusions from the release of 2013 Population Estimates from, the census Bureau, released June 26th.
The Census estimates confirm that nearly three-in-ten Indianapolis/Marion County residents are African-American.
Black population in the city/county was estimated at 273,242 as of July 2013; an increase of 12,425 or 4.8% since the 2010 Census. The Black population growth was virtually half the entire growth (24,888) of the city/county since the 2010 Census.
In the eleven county Indianapolis/Carmel/Anderson Metropolitan Area, African-American population has surged to 319,944; a gain of 19,000, or 6.3% since 2010. Black population growth in Indianapolis’ metro is 47.9% of the entire growth of Indiana’s Black population, which has grown 39,632 persons since 2010 to 694,047 or 10.6% of Indiana’s total 6.57 million population.
The city/county is now 29.4% African-American; while the metro area is 16.4% Black. And one-in-eight persons (12.3%) living in the Central Indiana Region, as defined by the thirty-three county Indianapolis television market, are African-American.
Three years after the 2010 Census, in nearly all the suburban counties in the Indianapolis Metro, Black population growth continues strong.
Since 2010, Hamilton County’s Black population rose 21.5% to 14,109; Hendricks County’s Black population climbed 23.6% to 10,176 and Johnson County’s Black population rose 43.2% to 3,498.
Larger percentage population gains, though with smaller Black populations, were seen in Boone County, up 54.9%; Brown County up 59.6% and Morgan County up 71.1%. Madison County was the only metro county to see a decline, albeit slight, down 0.1% to 12,474 since 2010. African-American population growth in Indy’s suburbs was up 16.4% since 2010 to 46,702.
Hamilton County has the seventh largest Black population of any Indiana County.
Marion County obviously has the largest Black population. Followed by: Lake (130,361); Allen (50,833); St. Joseph (39,253); Vanderburgh (19,866); Elkhart (14,963); Hamilton; LaPorte (13,925); Madison (12,474) and Tippecanoe (10,189).
Statewide, Indiana’s overall African-American population increased 6.1% since 2010 to 694,047; a gain of 39,632. Since 2010, the Indianapolis metro has been responsible for nearly half (47.9%) of Indiana’s entire Black population growth; with Indianapolis/Marion County responsible for nearly a third (31.4%) of the state’s total Black population growth.
In the three years since the Census, Hispanic population growth continues to increase, though the meteoric growth seen since the 1990’s is slowing.
The 2013 Census estimates report that Hispanic population in the Indianapolis Metro increased 9.3% to 122,907. Indianapolis/Marion County’s Hispanic population of Indianapolis/Marion County climbed 7.1% to 90,426. Statewide, the Hispanic population rose 8.4% to 422,454.
Hispanics comprise 9.7% of persons living in Indianapolis/Marion County; 6.3% of metro residents and 5.5% of Central Indiana residents.
But unlike the huge increases in Hispanic population in Indianapolis during the 1990’s and the first decade of the 21st century, Hispanic growth is slowing. Though it remains stronger than Black population growth in percentage terms.
Almost a third (31.9%) of Indiana’s Hispanic growth occurred in the Indianapolis Metro.
Despite the perception of Hispanic population growth in Indiana and Indianapolis, the reality is that the African-American population, in actual numbers, is increasing greater than Hispanics.
The 2013 Census estimates document that since 2010, Indiana’s Black population increased by 39,632 compared to 32,747 for Hispanics. In the Indianapolis metro, Black population climbed 19,000 compared to 10,459 for Hispanics. And in Indianapolis/Marion County, Black population rose 12,425 compared to just 5,960 for Hispanics.
In percentage terms the fastest growing racial groups in Indiana are Asians. Statewide, the Asian population has grown 17.5% since 2010 to 124,018 in 2013, up some 18,483. Two-in-five Asians in Indiana (39.8%) live in the Indianapolis Metro area which saw its Asian population grow 19.5% or some 8,083 to 49,475. Indianapolis/Marion County’s Asian population also grew by 19.2%, up 3,660 to 22,683. Asians make up 1.9% of the state’s population; 2.5% of the Indianapolis Metro and 2.4% of the city/county.
WHITE NON-HISPANIC POPULATION
For the second straight year, the 2013 Census estimates showed that the overall decline has ended among the white non-Hispanic population in Indianapolis/Marion County.
Between July 2012 and July 2013, Indy’s white population grew 1,457 or 0.27%.
(By comparison, in that same twelve month period, Black population increased 4,459 (1.7%); Hispanic rose 2,100 (2.4%) and Asian climbed 1,499 (7.1%).
Since 2010, the city/county’s white population has grown 2,609 to 542,154 a gain of 0.5%. Meanwhile, the substantial white population growth in Indianapolis’ metro continued. The 2013 Census estimates white non-Hispanic population in the overall Metro at 1,454,337; an increase of 27,844 or 2.0% since 2010. But take out the anemic white population growth in Marion County and you’ll discover white population growth in the remaining ten metro counties increased 2.8% of 25,235 to 912,183 since 2010.
Indianapolis’ white growth, especially in the suburbs, is all the more stunning given that statewide, white population was stagnant; growing by just 6,008 since 2010 to 5.3 million; a gain of an anemic 0.1% growth.
Four of Indianapolis’ suburban counties – Brown, Madison, Putnam and Shelby Counties – showed declines in white population, while Hamilton County had the highest white population growth (15,156 or 6.4%), followed by Hendricks (4,897 or 3.8%) and Johnson (3,639 or 2.8%) and Boone (2,734 or 5.1%).
Whites are now super concentrated in Indianapolis’ suburbs with only 37.3% of the white metro population living in the City of Indianapolis.
That compares to 45.8% of the metro Asian population that lives in the city; 73.6% of the Hispanic population and 85.4% of the Black population.
Indiana’s overall total population growth continues to be anemic; just 1.3% increase since 2010 says the Census at 6,570,902, up 1.3% or 87,100. More ominous for the state, nearly three-fourths (73.0%) of Indiana’s population growth was in the Indianapolis metro.
Just 58.4% of Indianapolis/Marion County residents now are white; the lowest percentage in history. The percentage of Indianapolis/Marion County residents who are minority (41.6%) continues to reach record highs.
2013 Census Population Estimates/Indianapolis Metro Counties
Chart ©2014 WTLC/Radio One
AREA TotPop13 BlkPop13 %Gwth %BGwth %Blk
Indiana 6,570,902 694,047 1.3% 6.1% 10.6%
Indianapolis Metro 1,953,961 319,944 3.4% 6.3% 16.4%
INDPLS/Marion County 928,281 272,242 2.8% 4.8% 29.4%
Boone County 60,477 1,162 6.8% 54.9% 1.9%
Brown County 15,023 150 -1.4% 59.6% 1.0%
Hamilton County 296,693 14,109 8.1% 21.5% 4.8%
Hancock County 71,575 1,957 2.2% 9.7% 2.7%
Hendricks County 153,879 10,176 5.8% 23.6% 6.6%
Johnson County 145,535 3,498 4.2% 43.2% 2.4%
Madison County 130,482 12,474 -2.7% -0.1% 9.6%
Morgan County 69,782 681 1.3% 71.1% 1.0%
Putnam County 37,505 1,740 -1.2% 4.1% 4.6%
Shelby County 44,729 755 0.7% 13.9% 1.7%